The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the body’s nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord. It controls most functions of the body and mind. An infection of the central nervous system can be a life-threatening condition, especially for children with weakened immune systems. These infections need quick diagnosis and immediate treatment by an infectious disease specialist. Bacteria, fungi and viruses are the most common causes of CNS infections.
Central nervous system infections caused by bacteria or fungi can cause illnesses such as:
1-Brain abscesses. This is a collection of pus and infected tissue within the brain. 2-Bacterial meningitis. This happens when bacterial infections enter the bloodstream and travel to the brain and spinal cord.